of Katavi National Park
Park lies in the Savannah Biome of the biogeographical province of the
Afro Tropical Realm.
two major landscape units:
The Rukwa Rift Valley floor
2. The Ilyamba ya Mfipa in the west and
escarpments in the east of the valley
Rift Valley floor includes the basins of Lake Katavi, Katisunga Mbuga,
Lake Chada and Mpunga Mbuga, to name a few. These are seasonally inundated
and are purely grass dominated. On the edges of the floodplains we find
grass dominated vegetation with occasional shrubs and trees on termite
But also undulated terrain occurs in the valley floor on the well-drained
terrain which supports the growth of woody vegetation.
The elevated areas on the outlying foothills of the escarpment are occupied
by mixed woodlands. Only from an altitude of approx. 1100m these woodlands
consist of the typical Miombo species.
More than 400 trees, shrubs and grasses have been identified inside the
Park (Nathan Mwangulango).
The whole ecosystem is subject to annual dry season fires.
of special interest
congensis (Bremak) Verdc.: Unusual variant close to Spemacoce sp. of FTEA
CRASSULACEAE-Kalanchoe crenata(Andrews) Haw.subsp. Nyassensis R.fern:
Second locality in East Africa.
ACANTHACEAE- Isoglossa ufipensis (Brummitt). Endemic to Rukwa region.
RUBIACEAE-Sericanthe andongensis (Hieran) Van.Mollis Robbr.: Third locality
in East Africa
FABACEAE-Brachystegia angustistipulata De wild.: Rare and local in western
Tanzania and eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Sterculia quinqueloba (Kis: Msawala): white bark, used for roofing
Pterocarpus angolensis (Kis: Mninga): hardwood, used for furniture